The female reproductive system is a complex environment with amazing capabilities. But such an intricate system is vulnerable to a long list of complications. Some of these problems present themselves with clarity, and others keep you guessing, like ovarian cysts.
That’s why you need a qualified specialist who can evaluate your symptoms and confirm an accurate diagnosis using advanced technology and years of experience so you can get the treatment you need.
In San Antonio, Texas, Dr. Christopher Serrano at Serrano OBGyn is the one to call. Not only is he board-certified in obstetrics and gynecology, but he also complements that expertise with a unique atmosphere of personalized care that makes our patients feel valued and heard.
Dr. Serrano understands that it’s not always easy to discuss health issues of a private nature, so he makes it a priority to create a safe and respectful environment where women can feel free to talk about their concerns openly.
Here, Dr. Serrano takes a closer look at ovarian cysts and the symptoms you may be feeling if you have one.
Ovarian cysts can be sneaky
Ovarian cysts don’t always come with warning signs. Many women are walking around with an ovarian cyst, and they have no idea it’s there — and you may be one of them.
But don’t panic. These fluid-filled sacs that develop either on the inner or outer surface of your ovaries are common and usually harmless. However, if they grow and become large, they can lead to some noticeable symptoms.
4 Signs of ovarian cysts
When ovarian cysts make themselves known, you can expect to experience any or all of the following:
Large ovarian cysts can cause pain in various forms. The primary site of pain is in the general region of your ovaries, so you may have lower abdominal or pelvic pain.
You may also feel more intense pain just before your period. Sometimes this symptom is difficult to recognize, especially if you normally have menstrual cramps.
Ovarian cysts are also known for causing painful bowel movements and pain during sexual intercourse. Some women even report pain in their lower backs and upper thighs when they have an ovarian cyst.
2. Fever, nausea, and vomiting
As your body responds to the ovarian cyst, it goes into defense mode, and you may develop a fever, which in turn can lead to nausea and vomiting. Fever may also indicate that your cyst has ruptured and leaked in your system.
3. Weakness and dizziness
Some women with an ovarian cyst feel lightheaded and dizzy. This usually occurs when the cyst has ruptured or become twisted, and your body reacts to the pain.
4. Rapid breathing
Another sign of a serious ovarian cyst condition is rapid breathing. This signals that your body is in distress, you should seek medical attention right away.
Types of ovarian cysts
There are four categories of ovarian cysts. Here’s a look at each.
Functional cysts are the most common variety, and they’re usually noncancerous. There are two types of functional cysts:
Follicle cysts form in the egg follicle if it doesn’t break open and release an egg during ovulation, and corpus luteum cysts develop when the follicle doesn’t dissolve after releasing an egg.
Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissues that compose the lining of your uterus go rogue and grow outside of your uterus. If these tissues attach to your ovaries, they can develop into cysts called endometriomas.
When growths occur on the outer surface of your ovaries, they’re called cystadenomas. They’re almost always benign.
In addition to fluid, ovarian cysts can be filled with other tissues, such as fat, hair, and even tooth matter. These are called dermoid cysts.
How we treat ovarian cysts
After Dr. Serrano runs the appropriate tests and arrives at a diagnosis, he lets you know the best course of action. In many cases, ovarian cysts only require a wait-and-see approach. If you have no symptoms or your symptoms are mild, your cyst may resolve on its own.
However, if your ovarian cyst is causing severe pain, fever, and rapid breathing, Dr. Serrano may recommend immediate removal.
In this case, we use the latest technology and the most minimally invasive techniques to ensure precision and reduce complications. Dr. Serrano has mastered the use of robot-assisted surgery. Specifically, he uses the da Vinci® surgical platform whenever possible, as it allows him to visualize the size and location of your cysts, so he can make small and precise incisions that preserve healthy tissue.
If you’re concerned that you might have an ovarian cyst, don’t wait and wonder. Call or book an appointment online today at Serrano ObGyn and walk away with the peace of mind that your health is in the best hands.